Pedestals and Podiums Utah Women Religious Authority and Eual Rights E–book/E–pub

  • Hardcover
  • 584
  • Pedestals and Podiums Utah Women Religious Authority and Eual Rights
  • Martha Sonntag Bradley
  • English
  • 17 August 2018
  • 9781560851899

Martha Sonntag Bradley î 4 Summary

Free read Pedestals and Podiums Utah Women Religious Authority and Eual Rights Summary õ Pedestals and Podiums Utah Women Religious Authority and Eual Rights Ù PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Martha Sonntag Bradley î 4 Summary  Almost from the beginning the women’s movement has been divided into two factions–those wanting full euality with men Susan B Anthony Alice Paul and those seeking legal protections for women’s particular needs Julia Ward Howe Eleanor Roosevelt Early Utah leaders such as Relief Society President Emmeline B Wells walked hand in hand with Anthony and other controversial reformers However by the 1970s Mormons had undergone a significant ideological turn to the mainstream championing women’s uniue roles in home and church and joined other conservatives in defeating the Eual Rights AmendmentLooking back to the nineteenth century how committed were Latter day Saints of their day to women’s rights LDS President Joseph F Smith was particularly critical of women who “glory in their enthralled condition and who caress and fondle the very chains and manacles which fetter and enslave them” The masthead of the church’s female Relief Society periodical Woman’s Exponent proudly proclaimed “The Rights of the Women of Zion and th. A look into the twin historical issues of suffrage and the ERA in Utah and the impact of religion on both The book was fascinating delving deep into issues and events around the ERA and their tie to Utah women Much of the uproar worry and efforts on either side of the ERA are lost to the generations of women that followedThe content and premise and the book s focus of relating Utah women s diametric approach to the two events warrants 4 or 5 stars Unfortunately I m not sure this huge time was ever meant to be compiled into a single book Many of the chapters read as separate essays continually repeating some of the information contained in earlier chapters This made for frustrating reading going from front to backThe book s topics are important sometimes tough but best read in distinct chapters

Free read Pedestals and Podiums Utah Women Religious Authority and Eual Rights

Pedestals and Podiums Utah Women Religious Authority and Eual Rights

Free read Pedestals and Podiums Utah Women Religious Authority and Eual Rights Summary õ Pedestals and Podiums Utah Women Religious Authority and Eual Rights Ù PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Martha Sonntag Bradley î 4 Summary Jority of them obedient determined LDS foot soldiers responding to a call from their Relief Society leaders attended the 1977 Utah International Women’s Year Conference in Salt Lake City Their intent was to commandeer the proceedings if necessary to defeat the pro ERA agenda of the National Commission on the International Women’s Year Ironically the conference organizers were mostly LDS women who were nevertheless branded by their sisters as feministsIn practice the church risked much by standing up political action committees around the country and waging a seemingly all or nothing campaign Its strategists beginning with the dean of the church’s law school at BYU feared the worst some going so far as to suggest that the ERA might seriously compromise the church’s legal status and sovereignty of its all male priesthood In the wake of such horrors a take no prisoners war of rhetoric and leafleteering raged across the country In the end the church exerted a significant perhaps decisive impact on the ERA’’s unexpected defeat. A must read for anyone who wants to understand the psychology behind the failure of the Eual Rights Amendment

Free read ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook î Martha Sonntag Bradley

Free read Pedestals and Podiums Utah Women Religious Authority and Eual Rights Summary õ Pedestals and Podiums Utah Women Religious Authority and Eual Rights Ù PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Martha Sonntag Bradley î 4 Summary E Rights of Women of All Nations” In leading the LDS sisterhood Wells said she gleaned inspiration from The Revolutionpublished by Elizabeth Cady StantonFast forward a century to 1972 and passage of the Eual Rights Amendment ERA by the United States Congress Within a few years the LDS Church allied with Phyllis Schlafly joined a coalition of the Religious Right and embarked on a campaign against ratification This was a mostly grassroots campaign waged by thousands of men and women who believed they were engaged in a moral war and that the enemy was feminism itselfConjuring up images of unisex bathrooms homosexuality the dangers of women in the military and the divine calling of stay at home motherhood none of which were directly related to eual rights the LDS campaign began in Utah at church headuarters but importantly was fought across the country in states that had not yet ratified the proposed amendment In contrast to the enthusiastic partnership of Mormon women and suffragists of an earlier era fourteen thousand women the ma. It s been 30 years since the First Presidency of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints declared the fight against the Eual Rights Amendment to the US Constitution a moral issue That s just enough time for a generation to grow up not knowing how divisive times were for Mormon women and how Church leadership and actions contributed to that division It s also apparently been enough time for those involved in the conflict to step back and share their thoughts feelings and papers with historian Bradley The ERA uestion alone would be enough to fill one book but Pedestals Podiums also addresses the International Women s Year conferences held in and around 1977 While there is certainly enough information on each issue to warrant two separate volumes combining the two together provides both context and continuity to help readers understand the milieu in which Utah women and in broader context all LDS members began reshaping women s roles in the 1970s and 80sBradley combines her skills as historian writer and teacher with her own insights gained as a young mother during the relatively turbulent women s movement in Utah and describes how she came face to face with it Like many members of the LDS Relief Society she found herself in Salt Lake City one warm summer weekend when the state held its IWY Conference in 1977 Bradley identified that day as a stunning shocking and stupefying dayI felt as if I had stumbled then found a precarious new balance standing on a narrow bridge with dangerous drops on either side vii The conference and its fallout started her thinking about women s issues and examining her own thoughts about the ERA Bradley recognized that the conference had a profound impact on her life and in addition to providing the dry facts surrounding the women s movement this book describes why the conference and subseuent ERA battle affected her and many other women the same way As Bradley unwinds the tangled web of events that unfolded between 1972 and 1983 she takes time to review some important foundational information detailed in the early chapters of the book On a single front to back read through this makes the book a bit repetitive at times but for researchers interested in a particular topic time period or single event described in a chapter or two the recapitulation of important background themes is convenient and memory joggingThis book represents Bradley s successful effort to balance the stories of the pro and anti ERA camps and gives the reader a good set of tools from which to follow her final admonition A careful examination of the ways women have worked for or against euality particularly their activity for and against the Eual Rights Amendment suggests that those on both sides thought they were doing what was right for the world and were engaged in what would really matter in the long run that they were on the right side of a good fight They believed their choices would be the best for succeeding generations It remains for us to decide if their vision of the future was well advised 448Bradley s thoughtful insights and parsing of arguments help the reader understand why some arguments were uite effective while others failed miserably She also navigates the waters of history and in fighting which sometimes strengthened sometimes divided various groups involved with the ERA fight and clearly identifies and describes how church involvement muddied the political waters just enough so that it was not always clear whether messages about so called moral issues were coming from the pulpit or from an over the back fence casual conversation The chronological organization of the book s themes is a sometimes awkward framework for the complex interactions between the main subjects the ERA fight and the IWY conferences The linear layout creates a kind of doughnut with the ERA surrounding the story of the IWY conferences but it also highlights the way both fights were handled by the LDS church showing similarities and differences between the way the Church leaders worked with members in various regions of the country as leaders learned from previous successes and mistakes Because the movements were so entwined however Bradley s organization is probably the best way to illustrate the complexity of the subjects at handFor readers unfamiliar with the long history of the campaign for eual rights in the United States Bradley s summary is a good backgrounder Beginning with the passage of the 19th Amendment granting women suffrage in 1920 Bradley outlines the societal struggles growth and pressures which meant that voting rights for women was really of a beginning than an end in an effort to grant women legal rightsThe arguments which defined Mormon women s support of and opposition to the ERA as proposed in the early 1970s were similar to those which showed up in the beginning of the national debate over women s rights Should women receive special protection under the law which could for instance limit exploitive sweatshop labor or should they compete on a level playing field which did not recognize separate spheres for men and womenThe complexity of the national women s movement was echoed in the LDS reaction to it As the nation grew and grappled with the overwhelming social changes brought about between 1940 and 1970 so the Salt Lake based church outgrew its own status of isolationistic refuge The LDS church responded to the social upheaval of the 1960s by intensifying conservative messages to its members Bradley carefully outlines and documents how the church eventually would speak out against feminism in general and the Eual Rights Amendment in particular over pulpits in church magazines and in unsigned editorials in the Church NewsUnderstood in context Bradley points out that the LDS leaders rhetorical arguments had cultural political and social significance as well as profound weight in the fight against the ERA 82After discussing the general church position and outlining how it came to define passage of the ERA as a moral rather than a political battle Bradley sets forth nine major anti ERA documents presented by the LDS church and dissects each one exposing the visceral arguments meant to appeal to generalized fear and emotions The rhetoric used by ERA supporters is also examined though perhaps not as fully Bradley points out that ERA proponents tended to privilege reason over emotion and therefore were somewhat blindsided by the effectiveness of their opponents statements Church leaders encouraged women to educate themselves on the topics and participate in the state conferences There was some lack of clarity as to whether people were being called by ecclesiastical authority to attend state conferences or whether they were encouraged to attend on their own Wards organized busloads of women armed with little information other than directions to vote against all provisions on the conference ballot further muddying the waters At the same time Church leaders encouraged women and men participating to represent themselves as grass roots interested parties coming together to speak on a topic of importance on their ownNo book discussing the LDS Church and the ERA would be complete without a discussion of Sonia Johnson her Congressional testimony in front of the Senate Subcommittee on Constitutional Rights and the events surrounding her excommunication from the church Although church leaders insisted that her excommunication had little to do with her opposition to the ERA actions and other evidence indicated otherwise to many LDS members Johnson s excommunication served as a shot across the bow of anyone considering supporting the ERA in opposition to the official church stance on the issue Despite the excommunication Mormons for ERA organized several chapters around the country and worked actively though unsuccessfully to get the amendment ratified A case study of the Alice Louise Reynolds forum ends the book reviewing how each of the events discussed earlier affected the women of the forum as well as the existence of the forum itself once the ERA debate became dangerously controversial The forum was organized in 1977 in the aftermath of the IWY Conferences It provided a place for women of all ages some newly ignited by the fires of political participation to make sense of this new world 411 One topic of concern for the forum was the church s involvement in the ERA Members struggled with dynamics of doubt faith agency and obedience related to the ongoing women s rights movement Eventually as members became involved in finding ways to support the ERA the forum was eventually banned from meeting in its founding site the Alice Louise Reynolds Room on the BYU campus Any history of Mormon feminism during this time period could probably reproduce endless stories of women who struggled with the same issues as the Reynolds Forum Others during the same period turned resolutely for companionship and sisterhood to their Relief SocietiesGroups like the Reynolds Forum served a dual function For women who felt alienated and disenchanted with the institutional church such groups served as a transitional zone allowing women to voice their concerns and explore them in a supportive atmosphere even as they continued their trajectory of church activity For others such groups were a way of maintaining their commitment to the institutional church and of anchoring their loyalty to the gospel principles of justice and euality The existence of such groups helped mediate political and spiritual realities in a shared context with other Mormon women 434 435