(McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory

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Read & Download McNamaras Folly Hamilton Gregory Ç 5 Free read Read µ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Hamilton Gregory Petent in combat they endangered not only themselves but their comrades as well Their death toll was appallingly high In addition to low I men tens of thousands of other substandard troops were inducted including criminals misfits and men with disabilities This book tells the story of the men caught up in McNamara’s fol. Sometimes it is easy to get caught in a bubble of where you work and the people you hang out with Books like these are nice since they provide context and make you understand the world on a holistic level Most surprising were that the new minimum I ualifications for military service didn t seem that low to me whereas before the military reuired a score in the 31st percentile it was lowered as part of Project 100000 down to the 10th percentile Although the author goes into the fact that a large number of recruits were let in through administrative acceptance and actually had scores even lower it was still surprising to me how stark a contrast there was in 31 vs 10I would only give 35 stars however because the second part of the book becomes repetitive very uickly and probably isn t worth a read The author chooses to go into stories of individuals without ever focusing on anyone for than a few paragraphs This makes it hard to connect with those described and results in what feels like a mass of stories haphazardly smashed togetherOverall would recommend reading but only the first half parts 1 3 The author does a good job of defining any military concepts or slang which is nice for readers that don t have previous familiarity geoff buda ve ben you work and the people Perky you hang out with Books like these are nice since they provide context and make Rayleigh Through Time you understand the world on a holistic level Most surprising were that the new minimum I ualifications for military service didn t seem that low to me whereas before the military reuired a score in the 31st percentile it was lowered as part of Project 100000 down to the 10th percentile Although the author goes into the fact that a large number of recruits were let in through administrative acceptance and actually had scores even lower it was still surprising to me how stark a contrast there was in 31 vs 10I would only give 35 stars however because the second part of the book becomes repetitive very uickly and probably isn t worth a read The author chooses to go into stories of individuals without ever focusing on anyone for than a few paragraphs This makes it hard to connect with those described and results in what feels like a mass of stories haphazardly smashed togetherOverall would recommend reading but only the first half parts 1 3 The author does a good job of defining any military concepts or slang which is nice for readers that don t have previous familiarity

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Read & Download McNamaras Folly Hamilton Gregory Ç 5 Free read Read µ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Hamilton Gregory In 1966 President Lyndon Johnson and Defense Secretary Robert McNamara were desperate to find additional troops for the Vietnam War but they feared that they would alienate middle class voters if they drafted college boys or sent Reservists and National Guardsmen to Vietnam So on October 1 1966 McNamara lowered mental sta. Many of us especially Vietnam veterans like myself know well the basic facts that an escalation of troop levels began in the mid 1960 s and peaked at about 550000 by 1968 that all total 27 million Americans served in Vietnam during the war years and that 58000 American s died there mostly in combat situations But how many know that approximately 10% of those casualties were suffered by low I men brought into the service under a plan sponsered by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamera that drastically lowered the recruitment standards in order to fill the ranks while ostensibly serving to give these low functioning men a chance to better themselves The program was known as McNamara s 100000 for the number of substandard men to be recruited each year who became commonly called McNamara s Morons While the program did not necessary intend to send those men many of whom were illiterate into combat they often ended up on the front lines dying at a rate three time higher than their cohorts of normal intelligence Haminton Gregory a Vietnam veteran journalist and college professor tells the story with a compelling blend of objectivity and restrained moral force Gregory went through Army boot camp at Fort Benning in 1967 where as a college graduate he was assigned to look out for another recruit who happened to be one of McNamara s 100000 Gregory describes his astonishment at discovering that this young man could not read write tie his shoes and did not understand that the US was at war Such men got through training Gergory describes thanks to leaders under pressure to keep the pipeline full who were willing to look the other way Frustrated officers who tried to resist and send low I recruits home were often rebuffed by the chain of commandThough the haunting story of this program is full of fascinating anecdotes and statistics Gregorgy grounds it in the larger social context of conscription during the Vietnam era The pipeline needed to be pumped full of less than combat capable individuals because so many of the most intelligent young men were managing to avoid this increasingly unpopular war Sons of the upper middle class and upper class had no trouble getting student deferrements and other means of avoidance All it took to get a medical pass was a trip to the right doctor If you had the wherewithal you could flee to Canada or Sweden far from the killing fields of Indochina The argument can even be made that the need to reach lower and lower into the barrel of potential recruits contributed to such tragedies as the My Lai Massacre where the troops were led by a college dropout Aside from a single instance of mild redundancy this book has the ualities of a page turner a well told tale of a compelling situation Though the subject may have special resonance for those of us who came of age during the Vietnam War era its message still speaks just as strongly today Our modern wars in Ira and Afganistan are being fought by an all volunteer military These men and women however in return for making their decision to sacrifice for the nation are being exposed to multiple brutal combat tours and they are paying the price The Vietnam draftee was limited to a single tour Both then and now the upper socio economic strata of our society was and is under represented in combat I believe that McNamara s Folly will become a classic in the literature of how a society approaches making war For its drama and human interest this book deserves to be widely read Rayleigh Through Time years and that 58000 American s died there mostly in combat situations But how many know that approximately 10% of those casualties were suffered by low I men brought into the service under a plan sponsered by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamera that drastically lowered the recruitment standards in order to fill the ranks while ostensibly serving to give these low functioning men a chance to better themselves The program was known as McNamara s 100000 for the number of substandard men to be recruited each Biggles Flies East year who became commonly called McNamara s Morons While the program did not necessary intend to send those men many of whom were illiterate into combat they often ended up on the front lines dying at a rate three time higher than their cohorts of normal intelligence Haminton Gregory a Vietnam veteran journalist and college professor tells the story with a compelling blend of objectivity and restrained moral force Gregory went through Army boot camp at Fort Benning in 1967 where as a college graduate he was assigned to look out for another recruit who happened to be one of McNamara s 100000 Gregory describes his astonishment at discovering that this Letters to Chloe young man could not read write tie his shoes and did not understand that the US was at war Such men got through training Gergory describes thanks to leaders under pressure to keep the pipeline full who were willing to look the other way Frustrated officers who tried to resist and send low I recruits home were often rebuffed by the chain of commandThough the haunting story of this program is full of fascinating anecdotes and statistics Gregorgy grounds it in the larger social context of conscription during the Vietnam era The pipeline needed to be pumped full of less than combat capable individuals because so many of the most intelligent Ford County young men were managing to avoid this increasingly unpopular war Sons of the upper middle class and upper class had no trouble getting student deferrements and other means of avoidance All it took to get a medical pass was a trip to the right doctor If Johannes Cabal the Necromancer you had the wherewithal Academia Obscura you could flee to Canada or Sweden far from the killing fields of Indochina The argument can even be made that the need to reach lower and lower into the barrel of potential recruits contributed to such tragedies as the My Lai Massacre where the troops were led by a college dropout Aside from a single instance of mild redundancy this book has the ualities of a page turner a well told tale of a compelling situation Though the subject may have special resonance for those of us who came of age during the Vietnam War era its message still speaks just as strongly today Our modern wars in Ira and Afganistan are being fought by an all volunteer military These men and women however in return for making their decision to sacrifice for the nation are being exposed to multiple brutal combat tours and they are paying the price The Vietnam draftee was limited to a single tour Both then and now the upper socio economic strata of our society was and is under represented in combat I believe that McNamara s Folly will become a classic in the literature of how a society approaches making war For its drama and human interest this book deserves to be widely read

Read µ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Hamilton Gregory

Read & Download McNamaras Folly Hamilton Gregory Ç 5 Free read Read µ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Hamilton Gregory Ndards and inducted thousands of low I men Altogether 354000 of these men were taken into the Armed Forces and a large number of them were sent into combat Many military men including William Westland the commanding general in Vietnam viewed McNamara’s program as a disaster Because many of the substandard men were incom. There s a uote from The Fog of War which I like a whole lot How much evil must we do to do good Know that you will do evil but try and minimize it Well Secretary McNamara you just MAXIMIZED evilThe genesis of Project 100000 McNamara s program to lower standards for admittance to the military was simple As the Vietnam War heated up in 1965 bodies were needed to man the line Mobilizing the National Guard and reducing deferments for students would have political costs as the children of the middle class and elites had connections to make their displeasure felt in Washington The brilliant plan as organized by McNamara and President Johnson over the objections of the entire military bureaucracy was to dramatically reduce standards for the draft Something like 350000 men drafted were drafted despite failing pre 1966 criteria and they died at a rate three times higher than the average soldier deployed to VietnamThe army has long been in the intelligence business Carson s article Army Alpha Army Brass and the Search for Army Intelligence a great read if you have JSTORE access shows that at the entry to WW1 when America faced the task of a thirteen fold expansion of the Army beyond it s prewar size it turned to the nascent science of intelligence testing to separate out NCOs and officers from the mass of general recruits In the 1960s the Armed Forces ualification Test AFT was a standard part of the intake process Only recruits who scored above a Category III euivalent to I 92 could serveProject 100000 erased that limit McNamara argued that many low scoring troops were merely poorly educated and it s true that in the upper range of Category 4 there were a number of people who had nothing intrinsically wrong with them but simply hadn t been educated who had the potential to be fine soldiers But Category 4 and Category 5 included masses of people with profound developmental disabilities who would never make good soldiersGregory went through Basic with several of McNamara s Morons as men drafted under the new lower standards were called He had responsibility for one who was completely illiterate and wound up in the Special Training company with many after developing near fatal heat stroke on a training march His personal story is heart wrenching and in the decades on he collected every anecdote put to print about these men As expect they fared poorly in combat You may not have to be a poet or a mathematician to carry a rifle but uick thinking is necessary Small units depend on everybody pulling their weight and McNamara s Morons were weak links who either found a protector who kept from combat or who became scapegoats for the rest of the platoon In a final cruelty McNamara argued that service would educate and improve these men but many were discharged other than honorably marking them as misfits and failures for the rest of their lives McNamara s Folly blends memoir and somewhat amateurish scholarship into a persuasive whole This is not to say that Gregory is wrong but as someone with letters after his name I care about the difference between a collection of anecdotes no matter how complete and compelling and an actual research uestion I would have loved to see some systematic analysis of the origins of Project 100000 and the careers of the men drafted under it


10 thoughts on “(McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory

  1. says: (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory Read & Download McNamaras Folly

    Read µ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Hamilton Gregory Hamilton Gregory Ç 5 Free read (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory Ebook; 2h See also Gregory's 2016 talk Low Aptitude Men In The Military Who Profits Who Pays? Laurence Ramberger 1991 It’s not well known b

  2. says: (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory

    Read & Download McNamaras Folly (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory Read µ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Hamilton Gregory I received my copy of “McNamara’s Folly” from the author himself He had read the first poem and later others in my book “Love Poems for Cannibals” and also learned that I am a Vietnam Veteran July 1967 – July 1968 The poem that he read was “Dream Frag of Robert Strange McNamara” This poem clearly and correctly communicated to Hamilton Gregory that I never liked McNamara very muchWhereas my poem was personally hostile and w

  3. says: (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory

    (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory Many of us especially Vietnam veterans like myself know well the basic facts that an escalation of troop levels began in the mid 1960's and peaked at about 550000 by 1968; that all total 27 million Americans ser

  4. says: Read & Download McNamaras Folly (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory

    Read µ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Hamilton Gregory (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory Hamilton Gregory Ç 5 Free read Hamilton Gregory a Vietnam veteran who worked with intelligence has written a much needed book on McNamara's so called Project 100000 utilized beginning in 1966 and continued throughout the rest of the war to boost total inductions by relaxing the intellectual medical and physical standards for the armed forcesThe road to Hell is paved with good intentions the old aphorism reads It seems an apt description of w

  5. says: (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory Read µ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Hamilton Gregory Read & Download McNamaras Folly

    (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory Read µ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Hamilton Gregory There's a uote from The Fog of War which I like a whole lot How much evil must we do to do good? Know that you will do evil but try and minimiz

  6. says: Read & Download McNamaras Folly (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory

    (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory Read µ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Hamilton Gregory Hamilton Gregory attempts to straddle three worlds That of a historian documenting a sordid incident if the dea

  7. says: (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory

    (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory The least intelligent among us should never be viewed as expendable units of manpower but as our fellow sojourners on this fragile EarthImagine sending a five year old into combat That's what Project 100000 was all aboutThe author promised to one day tell the story of how the US drafted low I individuals to fight and die in the Vietnam war In writing this book which is mostly a collection of their stories he fulfilled that promise

  8. says: Read & Download McNamaras Folly Hamilton Gregory Ç 5 Free read (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory

    Read & Download McNamaras Folly (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory Sometimes it is easy to get caught in a bubble of where you work and the people you hang out with Books like these are nice since they provide context and make you understand the world on a holistic level Most surprising were that the new min

  9. says: (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory Read µ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Hamilton Gregory Hamilton Gregory Ç 5 Free read

    (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory Hamilton Gregory Ç 5 Free read The first three parts are uite good describing the personal account of the author and his experience with the low I section of the US milliary After that the rest of the book is just short disorganized anecdotes from people he interviewed years later There's a lot of not his real name and he declined to give specifics which combined with the fact that these anecdotes simply rehash the author's experiences don't lend much It's an interesting

  10. says: Read µ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Hamilton Gregory (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory Hamilton Gregory Ç 5 Free read

    (McNamaras Folly) [PDF] å Hamilton Gregory A tragic chapter of the Vietnam WarSad reading and it will make you angry It makes a compelling reason for the reintroduction of the draft However it must be implemented without exemptions enabling the wealthy and talented

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  • 05 February 2019
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