E–book (Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress)

  • Hardcover
  • 576
  • Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress
  • Steven Pinker
  • English
  • 18 August 2019
  • 9780525427575

Steven Pinker Þ 5 Free read

Free read Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress ç PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Steven Pinker Þ 5 Free read Read & Download Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress Iases Instead follow the data In seventy five jaw dropping graphs Pinker shows that life health prosperity safety peace knowledge and happiness are on the rise not just in the West but worldwide This progress is not the result of some cosmic force It is a gift of the Enlightenment the conviction that reason and science can enhance human flourishingFar from being a naïve hope the Enlightenment we now know has worked But than ever it needs a vigorous defense The Enlightenment project swims against currents of human nature. Why I won t be reading this

Read & Download Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and ProgressEnlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress

Free read Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress ç PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Steven Pinker Þ 5 Free read Read & Download Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress If you think the world is coming to an end think again people are living longer healthier freer and happier lives and while our problems are formidable the solutions lie in the Enlightenment ideal of using reason and scienceIs the world really falling apart Is the ideal of progress obsolete In this elegant assessment of the human condition in the third millennium cognitive scientist and public intellectual Steven Pinker urges us to step back from the gory headlines and prophecies of doom which play to our psychological b. For years I ve been saying Steven Pinker s The Better Angels of Our Nature was the best book I d read in a decade If I could recommend just one book for anyone to pick up that was it Pinker uses meticulous research to argue that we are living in the most peaceful time in human history I d never seen such a clear explanation of progressI m going to stop talking up Better Angels so much because Pinker has managed to top himself His new book Enlightenment Now is even better Enlightenment Now takes the approach he uses in Better Angels to track violence throughout history and applies it to 15 different measures of progress like uality of life knowledge and safety The result is a holistic picture of how and why the world is getting better It s like Better Angels on steroidsI read the book slowly since I loved it so much but I think most people will find it a uick and accessible read He manages to share a ton of information in a way that s compelling memorable and easy to digestIt opens with an argument in favor of returning to the ideals of the Enlightenment an era when reason science and humanism were touted as the highest virtuesI m all for reason science and humanism but what I found most interesting were the 15 chapters exploring each measure of progress Pinker is at his best when he analyzes historic trends and uses data to put the past into context I was already familiar with a lot of the information he shares especially about health and energy but he understands each subject so deeply that he s able to articulate his case in a way that feels fresh and newI love how he s willing to dive deep into primary data sources and pull out unexpected signs of progress I tend to point to things like dramatic reductions in poverty and childhood deaths because I think they re such a good measure of how we re doing as a society Pinker covers those areas but he also looks at obscure topicsHere are five of my favorite facts from the book that show how the world is improving1 You re 37 times less likely to be killed by a bolt of lightning than you were at the turn of the century and that s not because there are fewer thunderstorms today It s because we have better weather prediction capabilities improved safety education and people living in cities2 Time spent doing laundry fell from 115 hours a week in 1920 to an hour and a half in 2014 This might sound trivial in the grand scheme of progress But the rise of the washing machine has improved uality of life by freeing up time for people mostly women to enjoy other pursuits That time represents nearly half a day every week that could be used for everything from binge watching Ozark or reading a book to starting a new business3 You re way less likely to die on the job Every year 5000 people die from occupational accidents in the US But in 1929 when our population was less than two fifths the size it is today 20000 people died on the job People back then viewed deadly workplace accidents as part of the cost of doing business Today we know better and we ve engineered ways to build things without putting nearly as many lives at risk4 The global average I score is rising by about 3 I points every decade Kids brains are developing fully thanks to improved nutrition and a cleaner environment Pinker also credits analytical thinking in and out of the classroom Think about how many symbols you interpret every time you check your phone s home screen or look at a subway map Our world today encourages abstract thought from a young age and it s making us smarter5 War is illegal This idea seems obvious But before the creation of the United Nations in 1945 no institution had the power to stop countries from going to war with each other Although there have been some exceptions the threat of international sanctions and intervention has proven to be an effective deterrent to wars between nationsPinker also tackles the disconnect between actual progress and the perception of progress something I ve spent a lot of time thinking about People all over the world are living longer healthier and happier lives so why do so many think things are getting worse Why do we gloss over positive news stories and fixate on the negative ones He does a good job explaining why we re drawn to pessimism and how that instinct influences our approach to the world although I wish he went in depth about the psychology especially since he s a psychologist by training The late Hans Rosling explains this fully in his excellent new book Factfulness I agree with Pinker on most areas but I think he s a bit too optimistic about artificial intelligence He s uick to dismiss the idea of robots overthrowing their human creators While I don t think we re in danger of a Terminator style scenario the uestion underlying that fear who exactly controls the robots is a valid one We re not there yet but at some point who has AI and who controls it will be an important issue for global institutions to addressThe big uestions surrounding automation are proof that progress can be a messy sticky thing but that doesn t mean we re headed in the wrong direction At the end of Enlightenment Now Pinker argues that we will never have a perfect world and it would be dangerous to seek one But there is no limit to the betterments we can attain if we continue to apply knowledge to enhance human flourishingThe world is getting better even if it doesn t always feel that way I m glad we have brilliant thinkers like Steven Pinker to help us see the big picture Enlightenment Now is not only the best book Pinker s ever written It s my new favorite book of all time Pleins feux sur le tutu you think the world is coming to an end think again people are living longer healthier freer and happier lives and while our problems are formidable the solutions lie in the Enlightenment ideal of using reason and scienceIs the world really falling apart Is the ideal of progress obsolete In this elegant assessment of the human condition in the third millennium cognitive scientist and public intellectual Steven Pinker urges us to step back from the gory headlines and prophecies of doom which play to our psychological b. For Bogwoppit years I ve been saying Steven Pinker s The Better Angels of Our Nature was the best book I d read in a decade If I could recommend just one book for anyone to pick up that was it Pinker uses meticulous research to argue that we are living in the most peaceful time in human history I d never seen such a clear explanation of progressI m going to stop talking up Better Angels so much because Pinker has managed to top himself His new book Enlightenment Now is even better Enlightenment Now takes the approach he uses in Better Angels to track violence throughout history and applies it to 15 different measures of progress like uality of life knowledge and safety The result is a holistic picture of how and why the world is getting better It s like Better Angels on steroidsI read the book slowly since I loved it so much but I think most people will find it a uick and accessible read He manages to share a ton of information in a way that s compelling memorable and easy to digestIt opens with an argument in favor of returning to the ideals of the Enlightenment an era when reason science and humanism were touted as the highest virtuesI m all for reason science and humanism but what I found most interesting were the 15 chapters exploring each measure of progress Pinker is at his best when he analyzes historic trends and uses data to put the past into context I was already familiar with a lot of the information he shares especially about health and energy but he understands each subject so deeply that he s able to articulate his case in a way that feels fresh and newI love how he s willing to dive deep into primary data sources and pull out unexpected signs of progress I tend to point to things like dramatic reductions in poverty and childhood deaths because I think they re such a good measure of how we re doing as a society Pinker covers those areas but he also looks at obscure topicsHere are five of my favorite facts from the book that show how the world is improving1 You re 37 times less likely to be killed by a bolt of lightning than Middle School The Worst Years of My Life you were at the turn of the century and that s not because there are fewer thunderstorms today It s because we have better weather prediction capabilities improved safety education and people living in cities2 Time spent doing laundry fell from 115 hours a week in 1920 to an hour and a half in 2014 This might sound trivial in the grand scheme of progress But the rise of the washing machine has improved uality of life by freeing up time for people mostly women to enjoy other pursuits That time represents nearly half a day every week that could be used for everything from binge watching Ozark or reading a book to starting a new business3 You re way less likely to die on the job Every The Day Louis Got Eaten year 5000 people die from occupational accidents in the US But in 1929 when our population was less than two fifths the size it is today 20000 people died on the job People back then viewed deadly workplace accidents as part of the cost of doing business Today we know better and we ve engineered ways to build things without putting nearly as many lives at risk4 The global average I score is rising by about 3 I points every decade Kids brains are developing fully thanks to improved nutrition and a cleaner environment Pinker also credits analytical thinking in and out of the classroom Think about how many symbols Measuring Time you interpret every time Jerusalem you check Bound to Submit your phone s home screen or look at a subway map Our world today encourages abstract thought from a Officer Nurse Woman The Army Nurse Corps in the Vietnam War WarSocietyCulture yet but at some point who has AI and who controls it will be an important issue for global institutions to addressThe big uestions surrounding automation are proof that progress can be a messy sticky thing but that doesn t mean we re headed in the wrong direction At the end of Enlightenment Now Pinker argues that we will never have a perfect world and it would be dangerous to seek one But there is no limit to the betterments we can attain if we continue to apply knowledge to enhance human flourishingThe world is getting better even if it doesn t always feel that way I m glad we have brilliant thinkers like Steven Pinker to help us see the big picture Enlightenment Now is not only the best book Pinker s ever written It s my new favorite book of all time

Read & Download Ù PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Þ Steven Pinker

Free read Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress ç PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Steven Pinker Þ 5 Free read Read & Download Enlightenment Now The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress –tribalism authoritarianism demonization magical thinking–which demagogues are all too willing to exploit Many commentators committed to political religious or romantic ideologies fight a rearguard action against it The result is a corrosive fatalism and a willingness to wreck the precious institutions of liberal democracy and global cooperationWith intellectual depth and literary flair Enlightenment Now makes the case for reason science and humanism the ideals we need to confront our problems and continue our progre. A few months ago I heard Steven Pinker give a talk about this book I must say that his speaking skill did not impress me However his writing skill is brilliant This is a very important book epic in scope comprehensive well thought out and structured incredibly well researched and full of some very important messagesThe book begins with a student s uestion Why should I live To which Pinker answers with a profound interpretation of the meaning of life I won t repeat his complete answer but he writes You have the ability to like love respect help and show kindness and you can enjoy the gift of mutual benevolence with friends family and colleagues You can foster the welfare of other sentient beings by enhancing life health knowledge freedom abundance safety beauty and peace Pinker writes that the Enlightenment helped us escape from superstition and ignorance It increased our understanding of ourselves through science Also Humanism is a secular foundation for morality And it is individuals who are sentient not the tribe The Enlightenment helped to abolish cruel punishments and slavery Also Humanism helped bring about an increase in peaceThe Enlightenment has helped to eradicate some terrible diseases Science is the most unambiguous achievement by mankind Science helped to eradicate smallpox a painful and disfiguring disease that killed 300 million people in the 20th century And we have forgotten that on April 12 1955 people observed moments of silence rang bells honked horns took the day off closed schools and forgave enemies That was the day that Jonas Salk s polio vaccine was declared to be safe Pinker extols the virtues of genetic engineering that can accomplish in days what farmers accomplished over millennia and what Norman Borlaug took years of mind warping tedium to accomplish Hundreds of studies every major health and science organization and over a hundred Nobel laureates have testified to the safety of transgenic crops Nevertheless some traditional environment groups persist in denying them to the worldI just loved this uote from the book In 1976 Mao single handedly and dramatically changed the direction of global poverty with one simple act he diedPinker devotes chapters to improvements in the environment and the problem of climate change He shows that there is virtually no dissension among scientists that climate change and specifically global warming is a significant problem However he is optimistic that these issues can in principle be solved by courageous governmental actionThe book describes the growth of democracy around the world not steadily but in waves Democratic countries have higher rates of economic growth fewer wars and genocides better educated citizens and almost no famines The best reason for democracy stated by Karl Popper is that it is a solution to the problem of how to dismiss bad leadership without bloodshed And it gives people the freedom to complainPinker shows how disbelief in human caused climate change is not correlated with scientific illiteracy but is due to allegiance to values held by one s social circle Political tribalism is decried as the most insidious form of irrationality today And this tribalism exists on the left and the right sides of the political spectrum Pinker writes American conservative politics has become steadily know nothing from Ronald Reagan to Dan uayle to George W Bush to Sarah Palin to Donald Trump Pinker lists all of the ways in which President Trump has resisted progress and backtracks to a less advanced way of life Reversal of health care reversal of globalism reversal in the growth of wealth reversal of the environment safety law and order international trade eual rights tolerance and the judicial system The president has all the hallmarks of a dictator he is impulsive and vindictive The last chapter of the book is about humanism the chapter starts out well but then briefly becomes too philosophical and abstract for my taste Then the chapter returns to a accessible concrete structure It becomes obvious that Pinker is an atheist He writes that the existence of the God of scripture is a perfectly testable scientific hypothesis And he list some experiments that could be performed to test the hypothesis He also shows how the religiosity of nations and even from region to region within the United States is inversely related to happiness and well being The United States being religious on the whole than West European countries has higher homicide rates abortion STD s child mortality obesity educational mediocrity and premature deaths And Pinker points out that non religious people in the US tend not to vote that helps explain why we have Trump in office todayThis is such a fascinating book it takes up arguments where his earlier book The Better Angels of Our Nature Why Violence Has Declined leaves off This is the seventh book that I have read by Steven Pinker and this one is just as wonderful as his previous books