PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness]


  • Paperback
  • 224
  • Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness
  • Gerald M. Edelman
  • English
  • 17 August 2020
  • 9780300107616

Gerald M. Edelman Ù 8 Download

Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness Download º 108 Scientific inuiry into the workings of the brain to formulate answers to the mind body uestions that intrigue every thinking personConcise and understandable the book explains pertinent findings of modern neuroscience and describes how consciousness arises in complex brains Edelman explores the relation of consciousness to causation to evolution to the development of. For me this book rates up there with other classics in science like Chance and Necessity by Jacue Monod

Read & Download Û eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gerald M. EdelmanWider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness

Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness Download º 108 The self and to the origins of feelings learning and memory His analysis of the brain activities underlying consciousness is based on recent remarkable advances in biochemistry immunology medical imaging neuroscience and evolutionary biology yet the implications of his book extend farther beyond the worlds of science and medicine into virtually every area of human inui. be patient u ve gotta get thru about 80 pages before the book starts getting anywhere near interestingthe biological theory must show how the neural bases for consciousness could have arisen during evolution how consciousness develops in certain animalscausal status of consciousness epiphenomenon wo material conseuences efficacious causes things to happen neural bases of consciousness but not consciousness per se can cause things to happenhow a neural mechanism entails a subjective conscious state ualeWilliam James consciousness is utterly dependent on the brain consciousness is embodiedhow properties of conscious experience can emerge from properties of brainconsciousness is a process not a thingJamesian properties of consciousnessprivatesubjective occurs only in the individualcontinuous albeit continually changingintentionality about thingseventsdoes not exhaust all aspects to which it refers unitaryintegrated scenes differentiated from moment to momentthe remembered presentall past experience is engaged in forming my integrated awareness of this single momentprimary consciousness lacking in semanticlinguistic capabilities socially defined self sense of pastfuturehigher order consciousness recreate past episodes form future intentionssemantic ability assignment of meaning to a symbollinguistic ability system of symbols grammaruale particular experience of some propertyualia higher order discriminations that constitute consciousness experienced as parts of unitaryintegrated conscious sceneconscious events complex set of ualiaualia ability of conscious individuals to make high order discriminationsscientific description of consciousnessgive a causal account of relationship btw these domains so properties in one domain may be understood in terms of events in the otherbrain based theory of consciousness should give a causal explanation of its properties but should not be expected to generate ualia by description

Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness

Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness Download º 108 How does the firing of neurons give rise to subjective sensations thoughts and emotions How can the disparate domains of mind and body be reconciled The uest for a scientifically based understanding of consciousness has attracted study and speculation across the ages In this direct and non technical discussion of consciousness Dr Gerald M Edelman draws on a lifetime of. Gerald Edelman a Nobel prize winning neuroscientist offers a neurological theory of consciousness which interests me because consciousness is central to many philosophical positions and disputes Edelman is philosophically well informed especially praising the work of William James so that he often addresses the obvious philosophical concerns For example he takes care to avoid category errors such as the tendency to treat objects of consciousness as though they were things in the same sense as material objects Early in his book Edelman makes the point that a theory of consciousness should not be expected to duplicate consciousness eg to generate my uniue experience of red but only to explain it Just as a meteorologist can explain a hurricane but cannot produce one a brain based theory of consciousness should give a causal explanation of its properties but having done so it should not be expected to generate ualia by description Unfortunately much of the groundwork for the theory involves a detailed description of brain processes much of which is lost on me because he names and identifies many parts of the brain most of which are difficult for me to keep distinct in my own mind He then describes brain processes in terms of neural impulses which travel from this part of the brain to that so that I have a picture of a lot of traffic but not much clarity I do get a grasp of some of the general principlesEdelman makes a strong point that the brain does not function like a computer Instead of algorithms and Turing Machine type operations the brain functions using neural networks and exhibits degeneracy a technical term meaning massive redundancy or that the same result can be reached by many different paths I am somewhat surprised by this since I have read Paul Churchland a neurophilosopher who describes parallel distributed processing a theoretical description of neural networks which can be implemented on a computer I think this may be a terminological dispute since artificial intelligence is based on parallel distributed processing which learns by trial and error based on massive feedback loops This resembles brain processing as Edelman describes itEdelman says that consciousness is an epiphenomenon based on the continual cycling of neural impulses in the brain Neural input may come from sense organs such as the optic nerves and is then cycled through a part of the cerebral cortex which categorizes it in terms of conceptual experience and then is recycled so as to refine and to clarify the original impression Along the way the neural impulses may go through value systems areas of the brain not ethics which prioritize neural impulses in various ways such as to promote survival or to focus or to accomplish some other purpose This recycling of neural impulses called reentrant and related to a feedback loop resembles churning such as water in a washing machine or in ocean tides and serves to generate a constantly changing model of the sensory world as well as of one s own body and needs The image generated by the constant cycling of neural impulses is consciousness Or to put it another way consciousness is the way the world including our own bodies seems to us after the brain has done its categorizing prioritizing updating emotional coloration and other refinementsSo according to Edelman consciousness is generated by neural processes but unlike neural processing cannot cause anything to happen Only neural processes have causal efficacy Edelman uotes beautiful metaphors from William James to illustrate So the melody floats from the harp string but neither checks nor uickens its vibration so the shadow runs alongside the pedestrian but in no way influences his steps I m impressed by Edelman s argument but I have a problem with the idea that consciousness itself as distinct from neural processes cannot cause anything to happen Just for starters if I call up the movie theater and find out the time of the next screening my conscious knowledge of that time is part of the causal chain that leads me to go to the theater I suppose the counterargument is that my neural processes are handling all of that and my consciousness is only keeping me updatedBut I think this limits the term consciousness to only the most superficial aspects of my awareness If I know in the usual sense of the word that force euals mass times acceleration it is not just words that I know I know the meanings of the terms and how to apply those terms in specific situations Even though I may not articulate all of that I know that I know and that is part of my consciousness of knowing the euation from physics To say that my knowledge of how to apply the euation is handled by neural processes while I am only conscious of words is to take the term consciousness in too restricted a sense My consciousness includes awareness of meanings and powers that I don t necessarily recite to myselfBe all of that as it may I am impressed enough by Edelman s theory to pursue the issue by further reading While I have no doubt that Edelman is a great neuroscientist I have seen science writing done better by other people Paul Churchland in The Engine of Reason the Seat of the Soul to my mind does a far impressive job of describing parallel distributed processing neural networks though he approaches it from a theoretical viewpoint rather than from the viewpoint of empirical research Either way it is a fascinating topic


10 thoughts on “PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness]

  1. says: Read & Download Û eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman Ù 8 Download PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness]

    PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness] The Brain is wider than the Sky For put them side by side The one the other will containWith ease and You beside

  2. says: PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness]

    Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness Gerald M. Edelman Ù 8 Download PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness] Gerald Edelman a Nobel prize winning neuroscientist offers a neurological theory of consciousness which interests me because consciousness is central to many philosophical positions and disputes Edelman is philosophically well informed especially praising the work of William James so that he often addresses the obvious philosophical

  3. says: Read & Download Û eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman Ù 8 Download PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness]

    PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness] SighYou'd think that by now I would know better Why did I buy a book about consciousness by an eminent scientist and expect it to shed light on the uestion of how brain processing relates to subjective conscious experience? Scientists are the

  4. says: PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness] Read & Download Û eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gerald M. Edelman

    PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness] Gerald M. Edelman Ù 8 Download Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness So I did a single module of neuropsychology in college and have read a few books about the brain since to give you an idea of my backgroundTo me about half of it was comprehensible He starts off admirably explaining the 'theory of brain' that he is basing this explanation of consciousness on This part is difficul

  5. says: PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness]

    PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness] This book is written by one of the most prominent scientists of this field therefore making it an authentic and credible depiction

  6. says: Read & Download Û eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gerald M. Edelman PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness]

    PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness] For me this book rates up there with other classics in science like Chance and Necessity by Jacue Monod

  7. says: PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness]

    PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness] This is not so much a review as a synopsisEdelman's work on both researching and describing neuroanatomy has significantly changed the way we see how the brain works It is not too difficult to follow and should be enough to rock subjects like psychology to the core as they seem happy to proceed on the delusion that there is some ki

  8. says: Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness Read & Download Û eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gerald M. Edelman Gerald M. Edelman Ù 8 Download

    PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness] be patient u've gotta get thru about 80 pages before the book starts getting anywhere near interestingthe biological theory must show how the neural bases for consciousness could have arisen during evolution how consciousness develo

  9. says: Gerald M. Edelman Ù 8 Download Read & Download Û eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gerald M. Edelman Read & Download Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness

    PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness] A pretty technical and dense book Wider Than the Sky aims to provide a consistent scientific theory on the emergence of c

  10. says: PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness] Read & Download Û eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gerald M. Edelman

    PDF NEW [Wider Than the Sky The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness] Read & Download Û eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gerald M. Edelman This book is very interesting but very difficult Edelman starts by describing the neural anatomy that sensory perceptions and then processed information travels through in order for our brains to process information then describes how this process of ordering info is primary consciousness Combined with value systems with instinct

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