EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson

free read Ô PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ´ Peter H. Wilson

review The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy summary Ç 0 Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download Winner of the Society for Military History Distinguished Book Award 2011 The horrific series of conflicts known as the Thirty Years War 1618 48 tore the heart out of Europe killing perhaps a uarter of all Germans and laying waste to whole areas of Central Europe to such a degree that many towns and regions never recovered All the major European powers apart from Russia were heavily involved and while each country started out with rational war aims the fighting rapidly spiralled out. So how does someone review a book as large in depth and complex as this one This conflict which I certainly learned less than nothing about in school was a brutal long and devastating war that ravaged many parts of Central Europe Modern estimates put total losses at 15% 20% of the Holy Roman Empire s population a loss rate greater than that suffered by the Soviet Union during WWIII still cannot conceptualize just how terrible this conflict was There were domestic armies crisscrossing the land taking what they needed to sustain itself like a heavily armed swarm of locusts foreign armies taking advantage of the Empire s weakness to pick off territory economic collapse the plague and massive population displacements over the course of 30 years The land was so devastated that by the later parts of the war military strategy had to take into account what regions were still even capable of supporting an army Wilson does an excellent job walking the reader through the immense complexity of the war though the book would have been immensely improved by the addition of maps Wisely starting in the years leading up to the actual outbreak of hostilities The politics that culminated in this devastating conflict were a toxic brew of ambitious nobles religious zealotry familial relations imperial politicking and the sabotage of existing imperial institutions that could have served as a venue for developing a consensus and compromise Imperial politics was thus a series of formal meetings of rulers and their representatives at irregular intervals supplemented by lesser assemblies to discuss specific issues Contact was maintained in between by couriers or informal meetings The large number of relatively weak elements made it difficult for anyone to act alone discouraging extremism and diluting any agenda to a minimum that all could agree What surprised me most was the proto representative structures that were already in existence within the Empire It was nothing close to the representative institutions that exist today but did provide some degree of representation even if only among the nobles and other notable citizens The HRE was much less imperialautocratic than I initially assumed and there was much too be admired in its structure when compared to its neighbors Unfortunately those institutions were not strong enough to prevent war partially through sabotage by religious militants and partially by a very stubborn emperorAnother thing that surprised me about the conflict was how little religion impacted events Yes there was certainly a religious influence on the political decisions of rulers and rebels but it was not a hard a fast barrier Protestants served and attained very high positions in the Imperial army while Catholic powers such as France allied with protestant Sweden to take advantage of the Empire s weakness While being the same religion as your superiors was an advantage protestants and Catholics served under the banners of all sides Political gain so than religion was the driving force of nation states with confessional alignments serving as convenient to propaganda effortsSpeaking of protestant Sweden it is often forgotten this now benign Nordic country was a world beater back in the 17th Century and successfully invaded and held a portion of the HRE for uite a while While it had a small population it than made up for it by hiring mercenaries and recruiting Germans into its forces In fact the vast majority of its army for most of the war was comprised of Germans who preferred the yolk of Sweden to the rule of the HRE So remember the next time a volvo cuts you off they could mean serious business as long as their were Germans to hire to do their dirty workAnother fascinating aspect of this war was the inability of contemporary states to sustain the country in a time of war Financial systems were just beginning to develop their modern aspects but were still small and weak Taxing the population was a difficult activity and rarely raised the expected amount of revenue Shortfalls were made by loans IOUS and granting lands and titles to secure financing Because this conflict lasted much longer than previous conflicts and had such high stakes nations even rich ones such as Spain which could draw upon New World silver had to take out and loans to maintain itself Sufficed to say the interest costs ballooned rather uickly Of this Spanish government expenditures 305 million went to the civil budget 442 million directly to the armed forces and 1758 million to bondholders and contractors for loans and interest Not surprisingly the lenders had little interest in any sort of public good and could care less if the world went to hell The formal structure of ordinary taxation became little than a front behind which the financiers carried on their affairs with studied indifference towards the damage that they did to the government and contempt for the suffering of the tax paying element of the population This financial weakness made seizing property from enemies even important and led to further crimes against civilians and their property This in turn made it difficult for states to generate tax revenues continuing the cycle of loans interest payments pillaging and loans Continue this for 30 years and you can see why this was such a terrible warA final note I would like to add is just how few battles there actually were over the course of 30 years It was primarily a war of maneuver siege and diplomacy Armies lost many soldiers to desertion and disease than enemy contact In fact the biggest problem most generals faced was retaining soldiers so that they could threaten the enemy with maneuver and sieges Unlike the battles and wars we see in so many fantasy novels even crushing victories in the field would not guarantee success in the war The campaign seasons were short making it difficult to follow up smashing victories cities and towns could hold out against siege forces that were attritioned through hunger desertions and disease the Empire was large with little in the way of major transportation arteries apart from rivers and even in victories the winning army would often be severely diminished themselves Military Operations were essentially intended to secure local military advantage to lend weight to these negotiations and compel the other side to be reasonable Military victories had to be paired with diplomacy that could extract concessions from the defeated party Before Clauswitz rulers of the time knew war was merely politics carried out by other meansAll in all reading this book reinforced by fervent belief that a representative secular government is the ideal arrangement for a nation The Thirty Years War provides a striking example of just what can go wrong in a state so closely tied a specific religion and with so little recourse among the ruled Though they are now largely silent the voices from the 17th century still speak to us They offer a warning of the dangers of entrusting power to those who feel summoned by God to war or feel that their sense of justice and order is the only one valid Some other passages that struck me as ringing true and still relevant to today s world Nevertheless then as now militancy proves especially dangerous when combined with political power It creates a delusional sense in those who rule of being chosen by God for a divine purpose and reward It encourages the conviction that their norms alone are absolute their faith is the only really true religion The two law and faith were considered indivisible because religion provided the guide for all human endeavor since there could be only one truth there could be only one law But now Catholics and Lutherans both claimed to be right while the Germans as a whole were regarded as backward and boorish too busy gorging themselves on fatty foods and guzzling barrels of beer to achieve the heights of Castilian civilization They lived in a rain soaked land of dreary forests and expensive uncomfortable inns Wait how did that one get in here Factions in both Spain and the Dutch Republic saw war as the means to assert control over their own governments and promote what they regarded as their country s best interest The Imperialists occupied Meissen and dispatched Croats towards Dresden with the message that Johann Georg would no longer need candles for his banuets as the Imperialists would now provide light by burning Saxony s villages Mostly because this was the most badass line in the entire book

review The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy

The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy

review The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy summary Ç 0 Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download Of control with great battles giving way to marauding bands of starving soldiers spreading plague and murder The war was both a religious and a political one and it was this tangle of motives that made it impossible to stop Whether motivated by idealism or cynicism everyone drawn into the conflict was destroyed by it At its end a recognizably modern Europe had been created but at a terrible price Peter Wilson's book is a major work the first new history of the war in a generation an. There are a few problems with this book but the main one is that it is simply too long 800 pages on the Thirty Years War is just too much unless you have an extreme interest in the topic I was interested in learning about the war because it is one of those topics that are skimmed over in European history classes and there really isn t that much out there to read Plus the start of the book makes it seem like it will be fun reading as he discusses how the war was started because of some Bohemian Protestants tossing the Emperor s representatives out a window But the book uickly drags with incredible unnecessary detail that for most people will be out of their head three pages later anyway Yes I did learn a lot about the war but with so much detail I didn t enjoy learning it and a lot of what the book covered I have no memory of whatsoeverLet s compare this book to Desmond Seward s book on the Hundred Years War Seward covers his topic in sufficient detail in only 300 pages That book moves uickly and is fun and interesting But it takes Wilson eight chapters almost 250 pages to even get to the beginning of the Thirty Years War And Wilson throws so many people and places at us without enough maps or family trees that trying to remember who s who and where s where makes the book even frustrating We get emperors kings dukes princes knights bishops generals electors from German states Poland Denmark Sweden Russia Italy Holland with cities towns provinces principalities protectorates and trying to keep track of who is in charge of what place and where that place is in relation to the next place is impossible or at least it was for me The book has only two maps other than battle maps One is a map of central Europe that lacks sufficient detail and the other is a map of Switzerland that is mostly useless The battle maps themselves look like something Wilson might have drawn on the back of a cocktail napkin This is the 21st century so getting a clear and detailed map should not be a great difficulty Try to imagine someone writing a book on World War II without including several maps showing the pitch and flow of the war across Europe during the 6 years of fighting And as far as pictures go the pictures on Wikipedia s article on the war are better than anything you will find in this bookBut the main problem is that the book is way too long because Wilson feels a need to tell us everything about the war and the 50 or so years before the war started that his research dug up Plus Wilson is a lousy writer If Wilson had limited himself to even 500 pages and aimed his book at a reader other than the historian in the next office this book could have been worth reading It s too bad that Wilson didn t use his first chapter as a model for writing the book

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review The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy summary Ç 0 Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download D a fascinating brilliantly written attempt to explain a compelling series of events Wilson's great strength is in allowing the reader to understand the tragedy of mixed motives that allowed rulers to gamble their countries' future with such horrifying results The principal actors in the drama Wallenstein Ferdinand II Gustavus Adolphus Richelieu are all here but so is the experience of the ordinary soldiers and civilians desperately trying to stay alive under impossible circumstance. This work is a very good read on the Thirty Years War It details all of the conflict very well and contextualizes it in early Modern Europe The author has a great knowledge of his matters and gives examples when he claims something making his argumentation very strong He just has some small issues with early modern history outside of Central Europe like describing the Ottoman court as very similar to the medieval Roman one despite all the obvious influences or confusing between principality earldom and Kingdom regarding Catalonia but from what I realize this is mostly due to his highly specialized studies on early modern Central Europe and his narrowing of historical perspective although he covers in an aproppriate way many of the other related conflicts on his work but that s compensated by his almost encyclopedic knowledge about the inner workings of the Holy Roman Empire it s needed a huge study to master such a complex topic He also arguments against seeing the Thirty Years War as the last conflict driven by religion and focuses instead on dynastic geopolitical ambition both by the rulers who participated and the Bohemian rebels and constitucional issues inside the Empire while not completely denying the influence of the fundamentalists mainly in the Palatinate or in Ferdinand II which were factors which delayed the war s end and sees the conflict not as the founder of the modern state but as a catalyst of that institutionThis author s style of writing while giving much information and suiting me very well isn t the best one for most people Wilson has a dense academic text full of statistical examples which is the cause of many critiues here but I discount that in my evaluation because that s what is expected of a major account Popular History is fine and I might give it the maximum grade if it s very well done but people can t punish this work because they are used to reading easier books and stumbled on reading a scholarly work As this work despite the flaws above is an excellent work I give it the maximum grade especially considering it has almost 1000 pages which forces any evaluation to be careful with the huge scope presented here


10 thoughts on “EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson

  1. says: EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson free read Ô PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ´ Peter H. Wilson

    EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson This is a difficult book Peter Wilson clearly has provided us with a detailed volume that is a major resource on the Thirty

  2. says: EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson

    EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson Writing a history of the Thirty Years War 1618 1648 presents the historian with many problems because of the complexity of the conflict Major stumbling blocks to the study of the war include the need to work with at least fourteen languages stu

  3. says: EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson

    EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson So how does someone review a book as large in depth and complex as this one? This conflict which I certainly learned less than nothing about in school was a brutal long and devastating war that ravaged many parts of Central Europe Modern estimates put total losses at 15% 20% of the Holy Roman Empire's population

  4. says: EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson

    EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson Only upon reading the first chapeter of Europe's Tragedy did I realize how little I actually knew about the 30 Years War Usually when I pick up a history book I have a general idea of the subject matter I might not have a firm grasp of the de

  5. says: free read Ô PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ´ Peter H. Wilson Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download review The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy

    free read Ô PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ´ Peter H. Wilson EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson There are a few problems with this book but the main one is that it is simply too long 800 pages on the Thirty Years War is just too much unless you have an extreme interest in the topic I was interested in learning about the war because it is one of those topics that are skimmed over in European history classes and the

  6. says: EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download review The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy

    review The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download A Little Learning May Be a Dangerous Thing but a Lot of It Can Prove too Much for a Writer’s CraftI picked up Peter H Wilson’s massive volume Europe’s Tragedy A New History of the Thirty Years War last summer and it took me until a few days ago to finish it mainly because there was a long spell of time when the book half read or rather half unread was just lying on my desk collecting dust and heaping silent reproaches on m

  7. says: free read Ô PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ´ Peter H. Wilson EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download

    free read Ô PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ´ Peter H. Wilson Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download review The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy THIRTY YEARS WARS2014 marks one hundred years since the outbreak of the Great War which was itself the beginning of a conflagration which some historians have referred to as the Second Thirty Years War 1914 1945 Yet while the Second Thirty Years War continues to transfix our collective consciousness hardly any of our contemporary political di

  8. says: EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download free read Ô PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ´ Peter H. Wilson

    EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download review The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy This work is a very good read on the Thirty Years' War It details all of the conflict very well and contextualizes it in early Modern Europe The

  9. says: Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson

    EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download free read Ô PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ´ Peter H. Wilson This 30 year period of European History is sadly neglected but it seems I have found the right book for unraveling the turbulent times of 1618 1648 This war incidentally was the one that launched the Finns onto the world scene King Gustavus Ad

  10. says: review The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy free read Ô PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ´ Peter H. Wilson Peter H. Wilson ´ 0 read & download

    EBOOK / KINDLE (The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy) By Peter H. Wilson Best read as a reference guide and an invaluable comparison to “Tyll” – this book is for a casual reader too full of literally as well as figuratively exhaustive detail to be enjoyed as a cover to cover read

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  • Hardcover
  • 1040
  • The Thirty Years War Europe's Tragedy
  • Peter H. Wilson
  • English
  • 07 July 2019
  • 9780713995923