EBOOK Classical Mythology

  • Audio CD
  • null
  • Classical Mythology
  • Elizabeth Vandiver
  • English
  • 28 January 2018
  • 9781565852921

Elizabeth Vandiver Ë 5 Read

Free download Classical Mythology Free download Classical Mythology ã PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Elizabeth Vandiver Ë 5 Read At a prehistoric mother goddess lies at the heart of mythology This notion may simply be wishful thinking a modern myth about ancient myth In addition Professor Vandiver explores the challenges we face in studying mythology which is rooted in oral tradition and pre literate society through the literary works that recount them How do we disentangle the original myth from its portrayal in Aeschylus's The Oresteia or Sophocles's Oedipus the King The renowned the author the difficult this task becomes From the Truth of the Minotaur to Ovid's Impact on Shakespeare Professor Vandiver's approach makes classical mythology fresh absorbing and often surprising The many such topics you will consider include The fact that most scholars see significant flaws in the work of Joseph Campbell one of the best known and most popular theorists of myth They believe he makes a variety of assumptions that myth has a spiritual meaning or that certain narrative elements are the same in all cultures that he fails to support or that are highly uestionable The differences between the classical notion of the gods and our concepts of what gods or God should be The ancient gods did not create the universe or earth were not omniscient or omnipotent were not consistently good and did not even care much about humanity The absence of a well defined belief in the afterlife in Greek mythology and religion In general it was the opposite of what we believe both less important and less pleasant than this life The small kernel of truth as represented in the bull leaping fresco of Knossos that may lie at the heart of the myth of the Minotaur the half man half bull like monster Chronological inconsistencies in mythology For example in the story of Theseus characters interact who in other stories did not even. Myths are never myths to those who believe The stories we tell ourselves in order to encode our hopes aspirations and fears are one way we shape our understanding Hegel used concepts St Thomas Auinas saw our understanding through actions the to be and the pre Socratic myths and the post Being and Time Heidegger focused on our experiences Classical mythology is relevant today than any blog post by Brietbart News or radio show by Laura Ingram or any news broadcast on Fox News Each of those are only understandable to those who don t believe they are within a mythology and yet right wing viewers believe their premises without knowing context foundation or perspective To understand the insanity of each of those myth creators it first helps to get a foundational and historical perspective on how humans thought about themselves in previous ages and a great place to start is with the Greeks and the Romans who use their peculiar filter applied to the Greek mythsTo me the six most dangerous words in the English Language are Climate Change is a Chinese Hoax That statement can only make sense to one who has embraced a mythology that encodes their hopes aspirations and fears and have sublated themselves and their intellect to the person who has made that absurd statement Their feelings trump their reason and their emotionality reigns supreme Within those six words tweeted multiple times by Donald Trump is the hidden clue to how they justify their ignorance and love to hate It s patriotism They believe that their way of being is naturally superior to others because it is their way Argumentation can t refute patriots Climate change is a fact The Chinese did not create it as a hoax It s not a coincidence that Trump blamed the Chinese it takes a real bigot to go there and it appeals to all of our baser instincts about the other and works among those who want to hate others who are not like them because of their patriotism Patriotism has a circular logic within it It can never be refuted by one who sees it as absurd and should never be used to justify ones hate fears and anger Anytime you get into a tautological traps such as patriotism as its own ultimate good in itself then one knows one should uestion ones premises Freedom for the sake of Freedom is another trope of the right wing and is just as flawedThe myths covered in this lecture all share a reliance on experience as the ultimate judge Also intentionality is irrelevant The Gods or justice will turn you into a deer to be eaten by former hunter friends even if you did not have the intention aim of seeing Diana in the nude I believe the right wing in today s America only process the experience itself thru their gut feelings and keep no stock with logic analysis or the narrative thru the intellect that glues the story together How else can they embrace Climate Change is a Chinese Hoax That slogan can only work on people who process through feelings alone This lecture series probably didn t mention Jesus Christ if it did it was only in passing But after having all the Greek Gods and myths put into context it was easy for me to see how JC became a God There s no doubt that the people of that time period including St Paul who wrote in Greek would have been thinking in these mythological ways and with minor tweaks they could have made JC a God of sorts or least a son of a God I get confused on the nature character and personage of the Trinity Academia Obscura you will consider include The fact that most scholars see significant flaws in the work of Joseph Campbell one of the best known and most popular theorists of myth They believe he makes a variety of assumptions that myth has a spiritual meaning or that certain narrative elements are the same in all cultures that he fails to support or that are highly uestionable The differences between the classical notion of the gods and our concepts of what gods or God should be The ancient gods did not create the universe or earth were not omniscient or omnipotent were not consistently good and did not even care much about humanity The absence of a well defined belief in the afterlife in Greek mythology and religion In general it was the opposite of what we believe both less important and less pleasant than this life The small kernel of truth as represented in the bull leaping fresco of Knossos that may lie at the heart of the myth of the Minotaur the half man half bull like monster Chronological inconsistencies in mythology For example in the story of Theseus characters interact who in other stories did not even. Myths are never myths to those who believe The stories we tell ourselves in order to encode our hopes aspirations and fears are one way we shape our understanding Hegel used concepts St Thomas Auinas saw our understanding through actions the to be and the pre Socratic myths and the post Being and Time Heidegger focused on our experiences Classical mythology is relevant today than any blog post by Brietbart News or radio show by Laura Ingram or any news broadcast on Fox News Each of those are only understandable to those who don t believe they are within a mythology and Wide eyed and Legless Inside the Tour De France A Sportspages Book yet right wing viewers believe their premises without knowing context foundation or perspective To understand the insanity of each of those myth creators it first helps to get a foundational and historical perspective on how humans thought about themselves in previous ages and a great place to start is with the Greeks and the Romans who use their peculiar filter applied to the Greek mythsTo me the six most dangerous words in the English Language are Climate Change is a Chinese Hoax That statement can only make sense to one who has embraced a mythology that encodes their hopes aspirations and fears and have sublated themselves and their intellect to the person who has made that absurd statement Their feelings trump their reason and their emotionality reigns supreme Within those six words tweeted multiple times by Donald Trump is the hidden clue to how they justify their ignorance and love to hate It s patriotism They believe that their way of being is naturally superior to others because it is their way Argumentation can t refute patriots Climate change is a fact The Chinese did not create it as a hoax It s not a coincidence that Trump blamed the Chinese it takes a real bigot to go there and it appeals to all of our baser instincts about the other and works among those who want to hate others who are not like them because of their patriotism Patriotism has a circular logic within it It can never be refuted by one who sees it as absurd and should never be used to justify ones hate fears and anger Anytime Il rogo di Berlino you get into a tautological traps such as patriotism as its own ultimate good in itself then one knows one should uestion ones premises Freedom for the sake of Freedom is another trope of the right wing and is just as flawedThe myths covered in this lecture all share a reliance on experience as the ultimate judge Also intentionality is irrelevant The Gods or justice will turn The Nightingale Girls you into a deer to be eaten by former hunter friends even if A Certain Je Ne Sais uoi you did not have the intention aim of seeing Diana in the nude I believe the right wing in today s America only process the experience itself thru their gut feelings and keep no stock with logic analysis or the narrative thru the intellect that glues the story together How else can they embrace Climate Change is a Chinese Hoax That slogan can only work on people who process through feelings alone This lecture series probably didn t mention Jesus Christ if it did it was only in passing But after having all the Greek Gods and myths put into context it was easy for me to see how JC became a God There s no doubt that the people of that time period including St Paul who wrote in Greek would have been thinking in these mythological ways and with minor tweaks they could have made JC a God of sorts or least a son of a God I get confused on the nature character and personage of the Trinity

Free download Classical Mythology

Classical Mythology

Free download Classical Mythology Free download Classical Mythology ã PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Elizabeth Vandiver Ë 5 Read Live at the same time The way various mythological depictions of females the s the myth of Medea and such monsters as Medusa and Scyllare present Greek males' anxiety about women's power particularly their sexual power This theme is embodied in Medea's name which means both genitals and clever plans The Romans' near wholesale borrowing of Greek mythology in the context of their ambivalent view of Greek culture They considered the Greeks to be better artists poets and rhetoricians than they were but also saw them as decadent soft and treacherous The extensive influence of Ovid's Metamorphoses on the works of William Shakespeare Because of this relationship Ovid has had an incalculable effect on English literature In her final lecture Professor Vandiver surveys aspects of the enormous influence that classical mythology has had and still exerts on Western Civilization She offers her opinions as to why this is the case She also demonstrates that the ancient gods monsters and heroes are very much alive and active today in contemporary beliefs in UFOs and visits from extraterrestrials and in popular entertainment such as Star Trek and films such as the Road Warrior and the Terminatorseries A Popular and Top Award Winning Teacher Professor Vandiver is an outstanding teacher with a clear mastery of her subject writes Teaching Company customer Barbara Brumbaugh of Auburn Alabama She examines the subject in impressive depth yet keeps the lectures interesting and accessible to non specialists Professor Vandiver is the 1998 recipient of the American Philological Association's Excellence in Teaching Award the most prestigious teaching award given to American classicists She also teaches the related Teaching Company courses The Iliad of Homer The Odyssey of Homer and Virgil's Aene. Another great pick from the Great Courses catalog Lots of review of stories I m familiar with but with a lot of great context and insight While I m definitely a fan of Joseph Campbell and Carl Jung and Professor Vandiver is not so much it was really interesting to hear different perspectives than what I am most used to There were great discussions on gender roles and anxieties in Greek society the role of gods in particular the development from Greek to Roman society and ending with a fascinating discussion on the ways these mythological traditions stretch into our modern society Sunjata Penguin Classics yet keeps the lectures interesting and accessible to non specialists Professor Vandiver is the 1998 recipient of the American Philological Association's Excellence in Teaching Award the most prestigious teaching award given to American classicists She also teaches the related Teaching Company courses The Iliad of Homer The Odyssey of Homer and Virgil's Aene. Another great pick from the Great Courses catalog Lots of review of stories I m familiar with but with a lot of great context and insight While I m definitely a fan of Joseph Campbell and Carl Jung and Professor Vandiver is not so much it was really interesting to hear different perspectives than what I am most used to There were great discussions on gender roles and anxieties in Greek society the role of gods in particular the development from Greek to Roman society and ending with a fascinating discussion on the ways these mythological traditions stretch into our modern society

Read ì PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ë Elizabeth Vandiver

Free download Classical Mythology Free download Classical Mythology ã PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Elizabeth Vandiver Ë 5 Read From Athena to Zeus the characters and stories of classical mythology have been both unforgettable and profoundly influential They have inspired and shaped everything from great art and literature to our notions of sexuality and gender roles to the themes of popular films and TV shows Classical Mythology is an introduction to the primary characters and most important stories of classical Greek and Roman mythology Among those you will study are the accounts of the creation of the world in Hesiod's Theogony and Ovid's Metamorphoses; the gods Zeus Apollo Demeter Persephone Hermes Dionysos and Aphrodite; the Greek Heroes Theseus and Heracles Hercules in the Roman version; and the most famous of all classical myths the Trojan WarHow Should We Study Mythology Professor Elizabeth Vandiver anchors her presentation in some basics What is a myth Which societies use myths What are some of the problems inherent in studying classical mythology She also discusses the most influential 19th and 20th century thinking about myth's nature and function including the psychological theories of Freud and Jung and the metaphysical approach of Joseph Campbell You consider the relationship between mythology and culture What are the implications of the myth of Demeter Persephone and Hades as recounted in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter for the Greek view of life and death marriage and gender roles What are the origins of classical mythology Professor Vandiver examines similarities between the Theogony and Mesopotamian creation myths and considers the possible influences that the prehistoric Greek cultures the Minoans and Mycenaeans may have had on classical mythology She also cautions you about the dangers of probing for distant origins For example there is little evidence as many today believe th. Humans are naked apes that came from the brink of extinction and without fangs claws and fur somehow found a way to the top of the food chain and are now successful as a species to the extent that we may kill everything else and ourselves along with that There are several commonly held ideas about precisely which traits conferred humans with this ridiculous advantage But all of them seem to boil down to the human ability to collaborate and think and communicate in languageOther animals clearly collaborate but not to the extent that people can Insects are commonly cited as examples of animal collaboration eg ant colonies But insects typically only collaborate with other members of closely related others eg ants in a colony only collaborate with other ants that have the same mother ueen and are therefore closely genetically related People collaborate with distantly related others at an enormous scale eg billions of individuals participate in the global economy Other animals communicate in a variety of ways that are admittedly not completely understood So will likely be revealed by future research But animal research to date hasn t found satisfactory evidence for instances of truly abstract symbolic generative and recursive language acuisition or use in other animals Other animals can even use human language For instance language trained primates can know and use hundreds of words Kanzi a 29 year old bonobo is believed to understand around 450 words 30 to 40 of which he uses on a daily basisbut apparently not to that same level of abstraction generativity and recursion as humansIn a sense humans evolved to occupy the cognitive niche And it turned out to be a pretty effective evolutionary strategy Im not claiming that humans are better than other animals Just somewhat uniue in this particular way which for now and certainly arguably makes us for better or worse the dominant species on the planet So any way People use symbolic language We use metaphors in nearly all of our communications Most of which we are largely aware of In their classic 1980 book Metaphors We Live By George Lakoff and Mark Johnson identify structural metaphors that are foundational to our thought language and meaning makingIn fact that last sentence included a structural metaphor that could be refered to as theories are like buildings and I utilized it in the phrase metaphors are FOUNDATIONAL to our thought Another example of this type of theories are like buildings metaphor occurs when we refer to an argument as SHAKYLakeoff and Johnson assert that these types of metaphors are so commonplace that we almost think of them as literal and concrete For instance the phrase things are looking UP incorporates the orientational metaphor happy is up sad is down We assume happy feelings and good moods are up as a literal matter of course But theses ways of thinking are metaphorical I could go on but I won t do that to you I would instead just urge you to read Metaphors We Live By as it is a mind blowing life changing really important bookBut that s not the book I m reviewing and I only refer to it to make a larger point Namely that similar to structural metaphor myth and the mythic imagination deeply informs our ordinary world view in ways that we are typically largely unaware of An easy example is the common assumption that articles of human production are apart from nature and things that grow or occur outside of human influence are natural Along the same lines we assume that natural good and pure and synthetic corrupt or impure This assumption is represented in the myth of castigation from the garden for eating from the tree of knowledge This mythic theme occurs in a variety of forms including Icarus flying too close to the sun and Prometheus stealing fire from the gods This mythic theme illustrates the impulse of aversion to hubris and it s a common structure across cultures and mythological systems At any rate It is clear that mythology and the mythic imagination and broadly the symbolic layer of human thought and meaning making is enormously important and essential to our larger understanding of human behavior and motivation Mythic systems bind groups together and motivate collaboration in pursuit of shared meaningful outcomes For better of freuently for worse Take for example the recent Charlottesville demonstrations They were materially awful in so far as many people were injured and at least one person was killed But symbolically they were significant and wounding far beyond the strictly materiel losses of life and property damageAnd part of the reason the demonstrations were so potent is that they were mythically charged The alt right ers brandished weaponized emblems of Norse culture and mythology that harkened to a mythic not actual time and place of white racial purity The liberal counter protesters stood in defense of the neo clasical Athenian values as represented in the iconography embedded in the western enlightenment era Jeffersonian architecture of UVAI am ill euipped to properly deconstruct those events and this is definitely not the forum to do so even if I were capable But the important point is that mythological literacy is essential to a thorough understanding of the human experience This course helped me dive a little deeper into my understanding of classical western mythology The lecturer Elizabeth Vandiver is superb however pedantic so don t expect new age fluff Five Stars