Twin Towers The Life of New York City's World Trade Center E–book/E–pub

  • Hardcover
  • 280
  • Twin Towers The Life of New York City's World Trade Center
  • Angus Kress Gillespie
  • English
  • 12 October 2018
  • 9780813527420

Angus Kress Gillespie ☆ 7 FREE DOWNLOAD

REVIEW Twin Towers The Life of New York City's World Trade Center FREE DOWNLOAD Twin Towers The Life of New York City's World Trade Center 107 Angus Kress Gillespie ☆ 7 FREE DOWNLOAD Owers than its architecture however People give this complex life purpose vibrancy Gillespie points out The World Trade Center houses than 400 businesses and organizations from some 60 different countries engaged in a broad range of international business activities Through his numerous first hand interviews conducted with the people who daily work there Gillespie vividly portrays the world of bankers shippers freight forwarders and traders With skill and insight he captures what happens during a normal 24 hour day in the Twin Towers starting with early morning food deliveries and ending with the patrols of nighttime security guards          Twin Towers is both a fitting tribute and careful analysis of one of the most resonating symbols in American cultur. This book was written before 911 It give an interesting look into the politics of getting the towers built as well as a bit of the enormous task of building the buildings and a bit of a look at a day in the lifeIt was interesting but could have been much so

REVIEW Twin Towers The Life of New York City's World Trade Center

Twin Towers The Life of New York City's World Trade Center

REVIEW Twin Towers The Life of New York City's World Trade Center FREE DOWNLOAD Twin Towers The Life of New York City's World Trade Center 107 Angus Kress Gillespie ☆ 7 FREE DOWNLOAD The political maneuvering necessary to get the State of New Jersey to agree to situate the project at its present location Deftly presenting portraits of the men responsible for mooring the World Trade Center at its present location Gillespie provides ample evidence that the World Trade Center backers were “second to none in self promotion” Twin Towers also demonstrates how engineers prepared the site and solved complex problems wind patterns elevator placement ground water complications in order to erect the towers each with 110 stories And he discusses the contrast between the architectural community’s almost universal disdain for the towers’ design and the public’s enthusiastic acceptance of the buildings as a symbol of New YorkThere is to the Twin T. Good book that was exactly what I wanted when I read it after the destruction an appreciation for the place a feeling that it was a place with daily routines and normal activities like any other place I saw the aftermath first hand a few months after it was gone while I was in NYC on a business trip

CHARACTERS Ò eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ☆ Angus Kress Gillespie

REVIEW Twin Towers The Life of New York City's World Trade Center FREE DOWNLOAD Twin Towers The Life of New York City's World Trade Center 107 Angus Kress Gillespie ☆ 7 FREE DOWNLOAD A readable account of both the history of the construction of the Twin Towers and the life of the people who work thereThe Twin Towers of the World Trade Center are than office buildings They are symbols of America just as the Eiffel Tower and Big Ben represent their countries Commissioned in 1962 and completed in 1976 these edifices are still the tallest man made structures in New York City Indeed the builders intended the towers to make a statement about the importance of the Port of New York and New Jersey The complex rises like Emerald City with fountains and sculpture from what was once a dilapidated area of half abandoned stores          Folklorist Angus Gillespie takes us on a tour that goes back in time and continues to the present day He recounts. This book was written in 1999 as pressure was mounting for the Port Authority to turn the WTC over to a private agency The book was reissued shortly after September 11 as the only scholarly history of the WTC It s a fascinating study of political pressures and engineering featsIt s impossible to discuss the World Trade Center Towers without first understanding the New YorkNew Jersey Port Authority Conceptually it was uniue when it was created in 1921 Authorities uasi governmental agencies that were authorized to build projects and then levy user fees to pay for them had a long and well established history in England What made this new authority uniue in 1921 when it was created to build the Holland Tunnel was that it was granted a charter to build facilities ie multiple projects The idea for the WTC was conceived during a period of relentless optimism Kenney but completed during a period of national gloom and retreat Vietnam 1970 s and Nixon s collapse There were political aspects aside from the desire to build the world s tallest building and there was always the pressure from New Jersey to reduce bridge and tunnel tolls A new project that would use these surplus funds would help to relieve that pressure It was a project that was lauded by the critics at first then reviled only to be resurrected in the minds of New Yorkers but never as an architectural triumph It had the misfortune to fall between two architectural periods International Style with massive amounts of glass and Postmodern which represented a return to the colorful and decorative building facades Its Japanese architect Minoru Yamasaki used uniue aluminum curtain walls that had been dyed to reflect light in unusual ways The floor to ceiling windows were smaller about the width of a large man and set back from the curtain This reduced heating and cooling expenses and eliminated the sense of vertigo that plagued other skyscrapers that had office space right up to the edge of the window a floor efficient design Yamasaki went through eighty iterations of the design sometimes using three or four towers but eventually settling on two The spacing between them became critical because if placed too close together the winds sweeping down could create sympathetic vibrations in the buildings destroying their integrity ie a euphemism for causing them to fall downThe engineering was incredible and the building could not have been built without technologies developed in other countries The Kangaroo cranes that hoisted themselves up the elevator shafts were developed in Australia Nothing like them was available in the United States They were needed to raise the very heavy steel columns that were the load bearing walls another uniue design feature of the buildings and the floors It was initially thought that only US Steel or Bethlehem Steel the two largest steel companies in the United States would be able to supply the enormous uantity of steel needed the drawings for the steel construction weighed over 650 pounds and Andrew Tobin the Port Authority s director thought that by involving them early in the design stage he would get a reasonable bid from them Not so and Tobin was so angry with their overbidding which bore suspicions of collusion a later investigation revealed no evidence of that that he contracted portions of the steel to smaller companies thereby saving over 30% of the anticipated costs Going to different companies and subcontracting and bidding for smaller lots was to become the industry standard because of the cost savingsBecause the building was so close to the river and excavation for the huge buildings had to go deep down to hit bedrock enough soil and material was excavated to create Battery Park an eighteen acre site that extended Manhattan Island an extra 700 feet into the river and creating additional real estate worth some method to keep the water out was needed that would not affect the adjacent structures A slurry method imported from Italy permitted concrete and steel reinforcement for the huge bathtub that kept the water out Slurry containing betonite clay was pumped in as the trenches were dug and then pumped out as concrete and rebar were placed to create the final wallsThe effect of sway on humans had to be tested The buildings had to be flexible any degree of stiffness could be built in but it could not be changed after the building was complete At its top the Empire State Building sways three inches in a one hundred mile per hour wind Swaying rooms were built to test people s reactions Psychologists found that people would tolerate up to eleven inches of slow sway That represented winds of 140 miles per hour wind speeds that had never occurred in New York The building was designed to withstand much higher gusts than thatWind can cause other problems On a gusty day the buildings twisted and moved so much that the freight elevators could not be used They were the only elevators to go all the way to the top all the others had shorter runs to assorted lobbies where commuters changed cars and the 1350 foot cables would slap around too much Everything had to be inspected daily The elevators made 450000 movements one person on one trip per dayThe Port Authority has its own police force and forty two officers were assigned to the WTC buildings It is a uniue force in that the officers have bi state authority the only police force in the country to have such authority In fact their jurisdiction lies in a circle with a twenty five mile radius from the Statue of LibertyIt s impossible to recount all the riveting not a pun since no rivets were used details of the gargantuan buildings It s a fascinating story of a building and aside from the enormous human tragedies of September 11 it was a great engineering loss as well